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Here you can find the Catalogue of the Digital Oral History Archive of the 1956 Institute. DOHA was formed on the basis of those life interviews of the oral history collection of the 1956 Institute to which the former scholars of the Institute and other researchers could get open access according to the declarations of the interviewees and the digital copies of which they gave in custody of the 1956 Institute Foundation.

If you are interested in any of the life-interviews, please, fill in the request form under Contact. We will send you the link where you can find the interview in pdf format. Ask for one interview at a time.

The transcripts are available only in Hungarian language.

The openness of the interviews:
Abod, László
1924-2001

Theologian, sociologist. 1946–1950: head of a youth movement. 1956: director in a factory, member of the Central Workers’ Council of Budapest, sentenced to 8 years’ imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
193
Made:
1988-1989
Length:
277 pages
Interviewer:
Adrienne Molnár
Alföldi, Zoltán
1923

Legal adviser. 1956: member of a factory workers’ council and of a local revolutionary committee, sentenced to 4 years’ imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
338
Made:
1991
Length:
58 pages
Interviewer:
Tibor Valuch
Almási (Almásy), László
1926

Photographer. He opened a studio in Király utca in 1954. During the '56 Revolution he toured the Budapest streets taking photographs for Western newspapers. He defected in 1957. After short periods in Vienna and Germany, he left for the United States in 1959, where he worked mainly in laboratories, before repatriating in 2002.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
830
Made:
2006
Length:
52 pages
Interviewer:
Gábor Kresalek
Andi, József
1946

Driver. Son of József Andi who took part in the Revolution as a freedom fighter and was executed in 1958.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
626
Made:
1995
Length:
53 pages
Interviewer:
Zsuzsanna Kőrösi
Andorka, Rudolf
1931-1997

Lawyer, sociologist, university professor. Member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. 1956: active in the Revolutionary Committee of Hungarian Intellectuals, 1957: sentenced to 5 months’ imprisonment, 1984-: Head of Sociology Department, 1991-: Rector at the Budapest University of Economic Sciences.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
567
Made:
1993-1994
Length:
151 pages
Interviewer:
István Javorniczky
Angyal, Ádám
1944

Economist. Angyal was born in France, his family moved to Hungary after WWII. Between 1966 and 1989 he worked for Ganz Danubius Dockyard, where he was executive director since 1982. He was university professor at Budapest University of Economics (later Corvinus University) since 1991. In 1989 he was party secretary of the Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party in the 1th district of Budapest, and became member of the Central Financial Controlling Board of the party.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
908
Made:
2008.
Length:
101 pages
Interviewer:
Éva Voszka
Apró, József
1934

Toolmaker. 1955–6: member of Petőfi Circle. Head of Kispest national guard in 1956. Left country in December and settled in Melbourne, Australia. Returned with his family in 2001.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
744
Made:
2001
Length:
122 pages
Interviewer:
András Lénárt
Árokházi, György
1933-1997

Electrical engineer. 1956: worked for the Revolutionary Radio of the Town of Székesfehérvár.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
574
Made:
1994
Length:
68 pages
Interviewer:
Adrienne Molnár
Asztalos, János
1927

Teacher, journalist.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
484
Made:
1992
Length:
47 pages
Interviewer:
Pál Germuska
Baczoni, Jenő
1907-1996

Teacher, economist. 1932–1949: Clerk at the National Bank of Hungary, 1949-: senior clerk at the Ministry of Finance, 1954–1975: Deputy Minister of Foreign Trade.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
32
Made:
1986
Length:
67 oldal
Interviewer:
Vera Pécs
Bakay, Ferenc
1942

Musician. He worked as skilled worker until he was employed as a pianist in the catering industry in the second part of the 1960s. He recited solo as well as in different groups. He played the piano in the restaurant Kispipa as successor to Rezső Seres. He works also as taxi driver and as a trainer for a driving school.

Registration number:
856
Made:
2006-2007
Length:
31 oldal
Interviewer:
Gergő Havadi
Bakonyi (Blum), József
1929

Conductor. He took part in the siege of the building of the Hungarian Radio. He was deputy chairman of the workers' council at BESZKÁRT during the revolution. In 1958 he was condemned to 8 year imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
494
Made:
1993
Length:
23 pages
Interviewer:
László Eörsi
Bali, Mária
1951

China decorator, employee at the embassy in Sofia of the Hungarian Republic. His father Sándor Bali (1923-1982), a toolmaker, was chairman of the Budapest Communication Engineering Factory in 1956 and also one of the leaders of the Central Workers' Council of Budapest. He was condemned to twelve year imprisonment in the course of the political reprisals.

Registration number:
683
Made:
1997
Length:
54 pages
Interviewer:
Adrienne Molnár
Bálint, György
1919

Horticulturist. He was landowner until 1948 having estates at Gyöngyös and Gyöngyöshalmaj. In 1942 he was brought to labour service, in 1944 was brought forcibly to the extermination camps of Mauthausen and later of Gunskirchen. In 1948 he was classified as "kulak". He moved to Budapest. He worked as agronomist of the State Farms of Mány since 1953. In 1959 he became chief gardener at the Central Offices of the State Farms of Fejér County. In 1964 he was employed as assessor of the State Insurance Company.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
929
Made:
2009
Length:
196 pages
Interviewer:
Dániel Bolgár
Bánk, Attila
1954

Lawyer, politician. During the political transition he was an expert, later one of the leaders of the Indipendent Smallholders' Party. 1997-2000: MP, leader of his party's fraction in the parliament. In the course of the inner-party conflicts he expelled from the party the president József Torgyán. He failed to found a new political party. He left the public life and returned to be a solicitor.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
956
Made:
2014–2015
Length:
127 pages
Interviewer:
Ernő Kardos
Barcs, Sándor
1912–2010

Journalist, smallholders’ politician. 1949: People’s Judge in the Rajk Trial, 1948-: President, Hungarian Radio, 1950–1980: General Director, Hungarian News Agency. 1953–1975: and 1978–1989: Member, Presidential Council of Hungary, 1949–1990: MP.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
81
Made:
1987
Length:
148 pages
Interviewer:
Ferenc Kubinyi
Barta, Éva
1916-1994

Ceramist, jewellery designer. 1934–1944: member, Group of Socialist Artists, 1944: active in the anti-fascist underground.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
633
Made:
1994
Length:
124 pages
Interviewer:
Gyula Kozák
Batonai, Margit
1949

Shoemaker. Her father was a member of the National Guard in 1956, and was executed in 1957.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
590
Made:
1994
Length:
25 pages
Interviewer:
Zsuzsanna Kőrösi
Beck, Márta Mrs. Endre Havas
1912-2002

Technician, pre-1945 illegal communist. 1933–1934: political prisoner, then in exile in France and the UK with her husband, Endre Havas, pre-1945 illegal communist, writer, 1950: arrested, 1953: died in prison.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
29
Made:
1986
Length:
259 pages
Interviewer:
Gábor Havas
Békefi, Gabriella
1928

Chemical engineer. 1956: chairman of a factory workers’ council, sentenced to 21 years’ imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
260
Made:
1991
Length:
241 pages
Interviewer:
Erika Ferenczy
Beliczay, Árpád
1941–2011) Modellező. Alapító tagja, maj

Modeller. He was founding member and dancer of Bihari Folk Dance Group. In 1956 He took part in the fightings at the building of the Hungarian Radio and in Corvin Circle. He left Hungary but he returned after he had past one year in Belgium. He left Hungary again in 1980 and settled in West-Germany. He moved back to Hungary after the political transition of 1989.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
924
Made:
2009
Length:
75 pages
Interviewer:
László Beliczay
Benőcs, Bertalan
1923

Army officer. 1956: Deputy Commander, National Guard of the Town of Miskolc, 1957: dismissed from the army.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
301
Made:
1991
Length:
169 pages
Interviewer:
Adrienne Molnár
Bihari, Sándor
1932-2011

Poet, editor. 1956: member of the National Committee of the Town of Miskolc, 1958: sentenced to 21 years’ imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
521
Made:
1992-1993
Length:
130 pages
Interviewer:
Adrienne Molnár
Bod, Péter Ákos
1951

Economist, university professor, politician. He studied at Károly Marx University of Economics, at László Rajk College. Between 1975 and 1990 he worked for the Institute of Economy Planning. In 1989 he took part in the National Roundtable Talks and was among the authors of the economic plan of the Hungarian Democratic Forum. He was Minister of Industry and Trade in 1990-1991. Between 1991 and 1994 was Governor of the Hungarian National Bank. 

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
962
Made:
2014
Length:
128 pages
Interviewer:
András Schweitzer
Boér, Lajos
1930

Army officer. 1956: Deputy Commander, National Guard of the Town of Debrecen, 1957: sentenced to 3 years’ imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
456
Made:
1992
Length:
84 pages
Interviewer:
Tibor Valuch
Bogár, Károly
1925–2010

Turner. 1956: Chairman, Workers’ Council of Dimávag Wagon and Machine Works and Deputy Chairman, Workers’ Council of Borsod County, 1958: sentenced to 15 years’ imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
253
Made:
1990
Length:
267 pages
Interviewer:
Adrienne Molnár
Bojtár, Endre
1940–2018

Literary historian, translator. He worked for the Institute of Literature of the Hungarian Academic of Sciences. He specialized in the comparative studies of Eastern European literatures. He is the founding father in Hungary of the Baltic studies. In 1968-69 he participated in the preliminary works of the issuing of a new periodical which was prohibited. He was silenced for five years and was considered among those critical to the party. He took part in the editing of the samizdat Máshonnan Beszélő. He was editor of the literary periodical 2000.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
923
Made:
2009
Length:
168 pages
Interviewer:
Tibor Gáti
Bóna, Barna
1931

Engineer. 1956: chairman of a factory workers’ council, sentenced to 6 years’ imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
292
Made:
1992
Length:
230 pages
Interviewer:
Erika Ferenczy
Boross, György
1896-1993

Forestry engineer, teacher. 1953–1966: Head of Department, Forestry Planning Bureau.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
349
Made:
1991
Length:
104 pages
Interviewer:
Gábor Garai
Borvendég, Béla
1931–2014

Architect, university professor. 1982-: Chairman, Hungarian Architects’ Association.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
38
Made:
1982-1983
Length:
104 pages
Interviewer:
Ilona Dér Mrs. Szabó
Börzsöny, Attila
1939

Engineer. 1956: freedom fighter in the Revolution, left Hungary. 1957: settled in UK, later in New-Zeland.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
510
Made:
1993
Length:
62 pages
Interviewer:
Zsuzsanna Kőrösi
Bródy, Ferenc
1931

Mathematician. He began his career as a philosopher, then became translator and editor of the Marx and Lenin series published by Szikra. From the 1970s until retirement, he worked as a mathematician at the SZTAKI Computer and Automation Research Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
803
Made:
2005
Length:
19 pages
Interviewer:
Ágnes Kőműves
Bródy, Vera
1924-2021

Puppet designer and scenist. She worked as an actress first for the Art Theatre in Budapest, then for the State Theatre in Győr. Between 1951 and 1968 she was the designer of several, popular performances of the State Puppet Theatre in Budapest. She created shows both for adults and children. The puppets Mazsola (Raisin), a piggy, and Misi mókus (Squirrel Mike) are among her most famous creatures.

Openness:
Limited accessibility
Registration number:
2023
Made:
2014
Length:
141 pages
Interviewer:
Katalin Somlai
Cserépy, Gyula
1931

Army officer, printer. 1956: freedom fighter in the Revolution, 1957: sentenced to life imprisonment. Freed in 1970.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
578
Made:
1994
Length:
46 pages
Interviewer:
László Eörsi
Csernok, Attila
1929–2015

Economist. 1951–1967: worked at the Central Statistical Office. 1974-: Deputy Chairman, National Bank of Hungary.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
1005
Made:
1982, 2005
Length:
233 pages
Interviewer:
Hegedűs B. András, Gyula Kozák
Csontos, András
1923

Mechanic. 1956: Commander, National Guard of Berettyóújfalu Village, 1957: sentenced to 6 years’ imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
523
Made:
1993
Length:
52 pages
Interviewer:
Tibor Valuch
Csóra, József
1919-2004

Peasant, salesman. 1956: one of the leaders of the Revolutionary Committee of Berettyóújfalu Village. 1958: sentenced to 4 years’ imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
447
Made:
1992
Length:
46 pages
Interviewer:
Tibor Valuch
Czájlik, Péter
1940

Forester. 1956: freedom fighter in the Revolution, November 1956-: left Hungary, 1957: enlisted by the English Intelligence Service to return to Hungary, 1958: sentenced to 8 years’ imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
519
Made:
1994
Length:
246 pages
Interviewer:
László Eörsi
Dalos, György
1943

Writer, poet and translator. He went to work in the Museum of the Labour Movement in 1967, but in 1968, he was arrested for conspiracy against the state, as a member of a Maoist group, banned from publication, and dismissed from his job. He became a freelance translator. In the 1970s he belonged to the Hungarian democratic opposition.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
825
Made:
2005-2007
Length:
203 pages
Interviewer:
Márkus Keller
Darnay, Benjámin
1933

Journalist, unskilled worker. 1956: member of the Revolutionary Committee of Csepel (an industrial district of Budapest). He left Hungary after the revolution and settled in the USA. 

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
597
Made:
1994
Length:
140 pages
Interviewer:
Pál Gyenes
Dávid, Ferenc
1915-2004

Party worker. 1945-1956: Party Secretary, Győr- Sopron and Szolnok Counties, later factory manager. He talks about the Hungarian Revolution and Attila Szigethy, one of the leaders of the revolution in the city of Győr.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
283
Made:
1990-1991
Length:
72 pages
Interviewer:
Éva Standeisky
Dékány, László
1907

Mechanical engineer. 1947-1949: political prisoner.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
303
Made:
1991
Length:
52 pages
Interviewer:
Gábor Garai
Dévényi, István
1926

Mechanic. 1951–1955: army officer. 1956: chairman of a factory workers’ council, 1957: arrested.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
381
Made:
1992
Length:
40 pages
Interviewer:
László Abod
Doby, János
1925

Shopkeeper. poet. 1944–1945: worked for the Provisional National Government, 1956: active in the Writers’ Union.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
492
Made:
1993
Length:
60 pages
Interviewer:
Éva Standeisky
Domján, Mihály
1920

Lawyer. 1956: Member of the National Workers’ Council of Baranya County.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
660
Made:
1995
Length:
180 pages
Interviewer:
László Eörsi
Domokos, Pál Péter
1901-1992

Transylvanian, ethnographer, musicologist, teacher. 1944: settled in Hungary.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
30
Made:
1986
Length:
300 pages
Interviewer:
Júlia Balogh
Dosztál, Béla
1923–2013

Economist. 1951–1953: interned in the Recsk Labour Camp, 1956: one of the leaders of the National Committee of Székesfehérvár and of Vörösmarty Radio, sentenced to 12 years’ imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
423
Made:
1992
Length:
60 pages
Interviewer:
Emese Bánkúti
Drobny, Heinrich
1935

Transylvanian, mechanic engineer. 1956: one of the organizers of a student demonstration in Romania, sentenced to 6 years’ imprisonment. Deputy Chairman, Council of Temes County.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
632
Made:
1995
Length:
240 pages
Interviewer:
Zoltán Bodó
Ebinger, Endre
1932

Teacher, physicist. 1956: member of the National Council, Town of Mosonmagyaróvár, sentenced to 6 years’ imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
199
Made:
1989
Length:
140 pages
Interviewer:
Adrienne Molnár
Egei, Sándor
1922

Acrobat, teacher. 1956: eye-witness of the Hungarian Revolution, settled in Germany.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
344
Made:
1991
Length:
80 pages
Interviewer:
Erika Ferenczy
Egri, György
1922–2003

Journalist, editor. 1940–1944: member of the anti-fascist underground, 1950–1953: interned in the Recsk Labour Camp, 1956: worked for the newspaper Magyar Függetlenség, 1957: settled in Canada.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
213
Made:
1987-1988
Length:
67 pages
Interviewer:
Csaba Nagy
Emericzy, Kálmán
1915-1996

Lawyer, clerk. 1956: initiated moves to help political prisoners to escape, 1958: sentenced to life imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
517
Made:
1993
Length:
40 pages
Interviewer:
Zsuzsanna Kőrösi
Falk, Erzsébet Mrs. Lajos Csőgör
1904-2003

Transylvanian, psychologist. Pre-1945 illegal communist, 1986: settled in Hungary.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
7
Made:
1986
Length:
168 pages
Interviewer:
Péter Pál Tóth
Faragó, Vilmos
1929-2013

Publicist, editor. 1962–1989: worked for the weekly Élet és Irodalom.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
226
Made:
1990
Length:
860 pages
Interviewer:
Erzsébet Havril
Fazekas, Zoltán
1925

Legal adviser. 1956: initiator and organizer of the Revolutionary Radio of the Town of Szolnok, sentenced to 5 years’ imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
282
Made:
1991
Length:
400 pages
Interviewer:
Erika Ferenczy
Fejtő, Ferenc
1909-2008

Historian and journalist. He was imprisoned in 1932–3 for illegal communist activity. He worked with the poet Attila József as founder editor of Szép Szó, and on the staff of Szocializmus and the Social Democratic paper Népszava. In 1938, he was charged with incitement for one of his pieces, but fled to France. Fejtő worked in 1944–7 and 1950–74 as an East European commentator for the French news agency AFP. In 1947–9, he headed the press bureau at the Hungarian Embassy in Paris.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
766
Made:
2003
Length:
200 pages
Interviewer:
István Lugossy
Fekete, László
1918

Army officer, engineer, lecturer. 1956: Deputy Chairman, Workers’ Council of Borsod County, sentenced to 1 year’ imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
408
Made:
1991
Length:
120 pages
Interviewer:
Rudolf Ungváry
Ferenc Jakó
1949-2020

Nóra Vratarics Mrs. Jákó recollects his husband Ferenc Jakó's and her personal experience in the 1989 Roumanian revolution when they organized and carried medicine and food transports to various towns in Transylvania. 

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
2021
Made:
2020
Length:
25 pages
Ferenc Kulin
1943

Critic and literary historian, was deputy editor-in-chief, 1981-83 editor-in-chief of the periodical Mozgó Világ (Moving World). In 1983 he was dismissed for political reasons. In 1987 was present at the meeting in Lakitelek.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
2024
Made:
2014-2021
Length:
84 pages
Interviewer:
Iván Miklós Szegő
Fisch, O. Róbert
1925

Physician. 1956: took part in rescuing of the wounded, left Hungary.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
518
Made:
1993
Length:
100 pages
Interviewer:
Pál Gyenes
Fischer, József
1901-1995

Architect, social democratic politician. 1956: Minister of State in the 2nd Imre Nagy Government.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
42
Made:
1986-1987
Length:
400 pages
Interviewer:
Ilona Dér Mrs. Szabó
Fogarassy, Miklós
1939–2013

Writer, librarian, literature critic. As a secondary school student he was member of the Youth Committee of Győr in 1956. He worked for the National Széchényi Library. 

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
812
Made:
2003
Length:
72 oldal
Interviewer:
Márkus Keller
Földes, László
1952

Stage manager. His father, Gábor Földes (1923–1958), director, one of the leaders of the revolution in the town of Gyor, was condemned to death and executed in 1957.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
669
Made:
1996
Length:
80 pages
Interviewer:
Gertrúd Hoffmann
Futó, Barnabás
1921-2002

Lawyer. 1956–1958: solicitor of István Angyal who was executed for his activities in the Revolution.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
526
Made:
1993
Length:
80 pages
Interviewer:
László Eörsi
Gábor, Péter
1948

Engineer. He left Hungary with his wife in 1984 and then left Italy for Australia at the end of that year. He worked in Malaysia in 1992–2001 and now lives in Sydney, working as a structural engineer.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
790
Made:
2004
Length:
40 pages
Interviewer:
Ágnes Kőműves
Garab, Imre
1930

Army officer, worker. 1956: one of the leaders of the Socialist Revolutionary Committee, Town of Debrecen, 1957: sentenced to life, then 4 years’ imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
382
Made:
1991
Length:
100 pages
Interviewer:
Tibor Valuch
Gereben, Ferenc
1942

Librarian and sociologist. He dealt with the sociology of reading, education, the arts, religion and libraries, at the Centre for Library Studies and Methodology of the National Széchényi Library in Budapest, and then at the László Teleki Foundation. Since 1998, he has been a senior lecturer in the Sociology Institute of the Arts Faculty of the Péter Pázmány Catholic University.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
849
Made:
2006
Length:
40 pages
Interviewer:
Gabriella Gőbl
Gerecs, László
1931

Librarian. He worked for the Hungarian Railways where he was HR assistant, director of the cultural centre of the railways in Szombathely. 1968-1978 head of the cultural department of the Council of Vas County, then he worked for the Pedagogical Institute of Szombathely

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
920
Made:
2008
Length:
59 pages
Interviewer:
Gergő Havadi
Gosztonyi, Péter
1931-1999

Military historian. 1956: Fought at the Kilián Barracks against the Soviets. Emigrated to Switzerland. Author of several works on World War II and 1956.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
697
Made:
1998
Length:
80 pages
Interviewer:
László Eörsi
Guba, Dezső
1924–2007

Teacher, farmer. 1946–1948: leader of the Social Democratic Youth Movement, 1950–1955: political prisoner, 1956: Chairman, Workers’ Council of Heves County, sentenced to life imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
334
Made:
1991
Length:
220 pages
Interviewer:
László Abod
Gulyás, Anikó
1947

Accountant. Daughter of Lajos Gulyás, member of the National Committee, Town of Mosonmagyaróvár, who was executed in 1957.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
580
Made:
1994
Length:
140 pages
Interviewer:
Zsuzsanna Kőrösi
Gyenes, Judith
1932–2019

Librarian. Pál Maléter's widow. After the arrest of her husband in 1956 she was dismissed, she was employes as unskilled worker for years. She was librarian of the Museum of Medical History since 1985, then librarian of the 1956 Institute since 1990. She was founding member of the Committee for Historical Justice which fought for the rehabilitation and reburial of the martyrs of the 1956 revolution.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
694
Made:
2013–2014
Length:
60 pages
Interviewer:
Adrienne Molnár
Hadik, Ilona
1933

She comes from the Hadik and Bissingen-Nippenburg families. She left Hungary with her parents in 1948 and settled with them in Paris. She lived on temporary jobs. She was assistant to Daisy Károlyi in her dressmaker salon. In 1955 she married Jean Louis Lassus and had six children.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
949
Made:
2015
Length:
60 pages
Interviewer:
Katalin Somlai
Halász, András
1946

Painter. He taught painting and graphics at the College of Fine Arts in Budapest in 1972-6. In 1976, he was one of the organizers of the Fluxus alternative group based at the Rózsa coffee bar. In 1975-9, he contributed to avant-garde art exhibitions. He left the country in 1976, settling in Paris and then New York. In 1983-7, he exhibition in the East Village galleries. He has regularly contributed to Hungarian exhibitions since 1990.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
858
Made:
2007
Length:
157 pages
Interviewer:
István Lugossy
Halász, Péter
1944-2006

Theatre director. He was a member of the Universitas company in 1962-8 before setting up Kassák House Studio in 1969. The latter was banned on political grounds in 1972, after which he confined himself to given lectures in his home. In 1976, some of the company left for France and later settled in the United States, where he, István Bálint and other members set up the Squat Theater. Halász left the company in 1985 to set up the Love Theater.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
846
Made:
2005
Length:
112 pages
Interviewer:
István Lugossy
Hangya, János
1925

Technician. Arrested by Soviet soldiers in Budapest in 1945, he was taken to the Soviet Union. On his return in 1947, he fled to Austria, where he recounted his experiences to a journalist. This prompted the Soviet authorities to rearrest him, and he was sentenced to twenty years’ hard labour on charges of espionage. He spent time in Siberian labour camps in Tayset and in a Moscow prison before returning home in 1955.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
761
Made:
2003
Length:
56 pages
Interviewer:
István Lugossy
Haraszty, István
1934

Sculptor. A fitter's apprentice in 1951-3, he became a decorative locksmith in that year. He taught technical studies at an industrial school in 1957-63, also teaching at the Huber Dési Fine Arts Circle in 1960–70. From 1967 to 1989, he was an interior designer for the South Pest Catering Enterprise. He took part in exhibitions in the Boglárlelle chapel in 1970-72 and became a set designer for the Gergely Csiky Theatre in Kaposvár in 1975-6.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
862
Made:
2007
Length:
278 pages
Interviewer:
Ferenc Markovits
Hargitai Oszkár Mrs., Brigitta Farkas
1935

Waitress. 1956: freedom fighter.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
595
Made:
1994
Length:
20 pages
Interviewer:
László Eörsi
Hazay, István
1901-1995

Geodesist, university professor. 1964–1967: Rector of Technical University of Budapest.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
312
Made:
1991
Length:
52 pages
Interviewer:
Gábor Garai
Hegedüs, András
1922-1999

Politician, sociologist. 1953-1955 deputy prime minister, then prime minister until 24 October 1956. He signed the request for Soviet military intervention on 24 October 1956 and handed the leadership of the government to Imre Nagy.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
130
Made:
1984
Length:
144 pages
Interviewer:
Tibor Hajdu, Hegedűs B. András, István Hegedűs, Gyula Kozák, György Litván, Miklós Vásárhelyi
Hegedűs, László
1936-2007

Editor. 1956: took part in rescuing of the wounded in a hospital during the Revolution, member of the post-revolutionary underground. 1959: sentenced to life imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
603
Made:
1994
Length:
33 pages
Interviewer:
László Eörsi
Hegyi, Imre
1918-2008

politician, agronomist and bookkeeper. He became a member of the National Peasant Party in 1939. In 1954, he became a member of the Patriotic People’s Front and in 1966 a county secretary of it. He was on Borsod County Council from 1953 to 1958 and from 1971 to 1980, member of Parliament for districts of Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
779
Made:
2001-2002
Length:
337 pages
Interviewer:
István Páczel Mrs.
Hersiczky, Lajos
1920-2002

Foreman, army officer. 3 November 1956: member of the Military Delegation which negotiated with Soviet military leaders brought forcibly to the Soviet Union.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
256
Made:
1990
Length:
48 pages
Interviewer:
György Szitányi
Herskó, János
1926-2011

Film director. He studied at Péter Pázmány University in Budapest in 1945–9 as a science undergraduate while simultaneously studied at the Viktor Gertler film school, which became part of the College of Drama and Cinematic Art, where he graduated as a director in 1949. He then studied on a scholarship at the College of Cinematic Art in Moscow until 1951. He began directing short films in 1949 and feature films in 1953.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
777
Made:
2003
Length:
121 pages
Interviewer:
István Lugossy
Herzum, Péter
1939

Sinologist, interpreter, translator, film director. 1956: fought against the Soviets and shot a film about it.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
607
Made:
1994
Length:
69 pages
Interviewer:
László Eörsi
Hetényi, István
1926-2008

Economist, Universiy Professor. 1964–1983: Vice-President, National Planning Bureau, 1980–1986: Minister of Finance.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
119
Made:
1987, 2008
Length:
287 pages
Interviewer:
Éva Voszka
Hevessy, József
1931-2005

Physicist, electrical engineer. 1956: active in the Revolution, 1957: sentenced to 3 years’ imprisonment. 1990-: Mayor, Town of Debrecen.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
461
Made:
1992
Length:
43 pages
Interviewer:
Tibor Valuch
Hirth, László
1941

Army officer. 1956: freedom fighter in the Revolution.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
352
Made:
1992
Length:
62 pages
Interviewer:
László Eörsi
Homola, István
1938

Toolmaker. 1956: freedom fighter in the Revolution, 1958: sentenced to 6 years’ imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
449
Made:
1992
Length:
96 pages
Interviewer:
Pál Germuska
Horvát, János
1944

Journalist, media expert. He won the first tv quiz looking for newsmen in 1964. He worked for the Hungarian Television between 1969 and 1994. He won a Niemann scholarship to Harvard University, he gave lectures of journalism at Columbia University. He was the chairman of Sport TV. He was ambassador to Cuba of the Hungarian Republic since 2007.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
848
Made:
2006-2007
Length:
308 pages
Interviewer:
Ferenc Markovits
Horváth József Mrs., Mária Kovács
1931

Innkeeper in Pincehely. He worked in pubs of the Co-op of  Consumer Goods, 1983-89: she run a pub.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
853
Made:
2005
Length:
26 pages
Interviewer:
Gergő Havadi
Horváth, Ádám
1930–2019

Director. 1952-57: member of the choir of Honvéd Dance Group. He was in China during the Hungarian revolution with his Group. In 1957 he was employed by the Hungarian Television. He was tv director since 1958, 1994-95: president of the Hungarian Television.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
772
Made:
2003
Length:
127 pages
Interviewer:
Julianna Lévai
Horváth, Ferenc
1909

Lawyer. 1956: took part in Veszprém County revolutionary actions, 1957: sentenced to 4 years’ imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
450
Made:
1992
Length:
88 pages
Interviewer:
Erika Ferenczy
Horváth, István Dénes
1929

Chemical engineer. While studying at Veszprém University of the Chemical Industry he was held on a conspiracy charge and sentenced on April 4, 1951 to six years' imprisonment. He was sent to Márianosztra and several times taken on convict work. Released on June 12, 1956, he found work in Budapest as a labourer. He joined the street fighting during the revolution and left the country on November 4, soon arriving in Britain, where he took a chemistry degree at Birmingham University.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
864
Made:
2007
Length:
191 pages
Interviewer:
Ágota Varga
Horváth, József
1920

Mechanic. 1956: chairman of a factory workers’ council and member of the Workers’ Council of Veszprém County.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
451
Made:
1992
Length:
57 pages
Interviewer:
Erika Ferenczy
Huszár, László
1932–2007

Architect. Worked with Revolutionary Students’ Committee at Budapest Technical University in autumn 1956. Emigrated to Britain, worked regularly for Irodalmi Újság (Literary News) and other emigré papers, and finally became secretary of Foreign Association of Hungarian Writers. Graduated in economics and international law from London School of Economics. Since 1961 directs Third-World urban-development programmes.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
748
Made:
2001
Length:
80 pages
Interviewer:
Béla Nóvé
Hűvös, Oszkár
1931

Miner, driver, army officer. 1951–1955: worked in the State Security Office, 1956: Commander, National Guard, Town of Tatabánya, sentenced to 5 years’ imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
417
Made:
1992
Length:
32 pages
Interviewer:
Pál Germuska
Iszák, Ferenc
1931

He began studying at Veszprém Heavy Industrial University, but feared being caught up in the purges of the early 1950s. He left off his studies and took manual employment, frequently changing jobs. He wanted to defect from Hungary. In spring 1956, he met György Polyák, a former pilot.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
824
Made:
2005-2006
Length:
120 pages
Interviewer:
Andrea Dunai
Ivánfi, Jenő
1929

Chemical engineer. He worked for the Chemical Trust of Borsod, then for the Institute of Chemical Industry in Veszprém. He left Hungary after the 1956 revolution. He was analytical engineer at EBV in Alsdorf (West-Germany). In 1961 he returned to his family in Hungary. After a short period of occasional works he was again employed as engineer first in a factory of enamals, later at the Borsod Chemical Works. In 1990 was elected vice mayor of Kazincbarcika.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
979
Made:
2013
Length:
224 pages
Interviewer:
Katalin Somlai
Iványi, Gábor
1951

Minister of religion. He was ordained in 1973. A founder member of SZETA (the Support Foundation for the Poor) and the Wallenberg Association, he was a member of Parliament in 1990-94. He was director of the Capital City Social Centre and is now director-general of the John Wesley Theological College in Budapest.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
819
Made:
2005
Length:
20 pages
Interviewer:
Anna Balogi
Janáky,István
1938–2012

Architect. He worked for the industrial design enterprise IPARTERV, then as a private architect and head of the Doctorate of Liberal Arts programme at the University of Applied Arts, Budapest.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
811
Made:
2005
Length:
40 pages
Interviewer:
Ágnes Kőműves
Jankovics, Marcell
1941

Director of cartoons, graphic, cultural historian, writer and politician. He was chairman of the Committee of the National Fund for Culture.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
960
Made:
2014
Length:
226 pages
Interviewer:
Iván Miklós Szegő
Jaszunski, Grzegorz
1921

Polish journalist. 1956: reported from New York about the United Nations General Assembly for the newspaper Zycie Warszawy.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
468
Made:
1991
Length:
40 pages
Interviewer:
János Tischler
Jemnitz, János
1930–2014

Historian. His field of interest is the Hungarian and international labour movement. He was member of the Socialdemocratic Party. After the 1956 revolution he joined the newly founded communist party. 1958 he was dismissed from the Institute of Party History and moved to the Institute of History of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. He was engaged in re-organizing the socialdemocratic movement in the course of the political transition of 1989.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
931
Made:
2009-2010
Length:
96 pages
Interviewer:
László Eörsi, Eörsi, Dániel
Jenser, Gábor
1931–2015

Agricultural engineer. 1956: Deputy Commander of the National Guard, University of Horticulture, Budapest. 1958: dismissed.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
458
Made:
1992
Length:
240 pages
Interviewer:
Tibor Beck Jr.
Juhász, Pál
1944

Economist and sociologist. A theorist of the inner circle of the democratic opposition, he was placed on a banned list in the early 1970s and unable to publish. In the early 1990s, he took a political role and then joined the teaching staff of the Budapest University of Economic Sciences.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
802
Made:
2005
Length:
100 pages
Interviewer:
Ágnes Kőműves
Kabelács, Károly
1926

Worker. 1956: freedom fighter in the Revolution, sentenced to life, then to 15 years’ imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
359
Made:
1991
Length:
140 pages
Interviewer:
László Eörsi
Kajtár, Imre
1931–2006

Foreman. 1956: freedom fighter in the Revolution, sentenced to 11 years’ imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
321
Made:
1991
Length:
80 pages
Interviewer:
László Eörsi
Káldor, Vera
1928

Medical doctor. 1956: took part in the post-revolutionary underground of intellectuals, sentenced to 3 years’ imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
109
Made:
1988
Length:
220 pages
Interviewer:
Gábor Havas
Kalmár, Sándor
1925

He was arrested by Soviet forces in December 1944 and brought forcibly to the Soviet Union where he spent 10 years in the Gulags. He returned to Hungary in 1955. He was guide and interpreter since the 1970s.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
820
Made:
2006
Length:
109 pages
Interviewer:
István Lugossy
Kalusi, Sámuel
1924-1999

Technician, POW. 1956: freedom fighter in the Revolution, 1957: sentenced to 15 years’ imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
577
Made:
1994
Length:
80 pages
Interviewer:
László Eörsi
Kardos, Julianna
1946

Doctor of chemistry. She began to work at the Central Chemical Research Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences in 1972. At present she heads the Neuro-chemical Department at the Bio-molecular Chemical Institute.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
799
Made:
2005
Length:
100 pages
Interviewer:
Ágnes Hadházy
Kartal, Zsuzsa
1947-2011

poet, translator and journalist. She was dropped from favour after she signed Charter 77 in 1979. An anonymous activist in the democratic opposition, unemployed since the change of system, apart from a four-year period in local government.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
808
Made:
2005
Length:
20 pages
Interviewer:
Ágnes Kőműves
Katona, Kálmán
1948–2017

Engineer, politician. 1990–1994 MP of Hungarian Democratic Forum, of the Alliance of Young Democrats, and as indipendent. 1998–2000: Minister of Trafic and Communication. Between 2000 and 2002 chief executive of the Hungarian Electrical Works.  

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
957
Made:
2014–2015
Length:
129 pages
Interviewer:
Gábor Tabajdi
Kazi, Gyula
1929–2013

Panel-beater. Deported from Békásmegyer to Billigheim, West Germany, in 1946 because of his family’s Swabian (Hungarian-German) origins. Labourer in a local brickworks. From 1960, panel-beater at NSU motor-cycle factory and later Audi car factory, becoming foreman in 1964. Regained Hungarian citizenship in 2000 and spends most of year in Hungary.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
740
Made:
2001
Length:
100 pages
Interviewer:
Zsuzsanna Kőrösi
Kecskeméthy, Géza
1931

Engineer, inventor. 1956: took part in the students’ revolutionary movement.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
287
Made:
1991
Length:
80 pages
Interviewer:
Gábor Garai
Kende, Péter
1927

Journalist, political scientist, university professor. 1947–1955: worked for the newspaper Szabad Nép, 1956: edited the newspaper Magyar Szabadság and an underground newspaper Október Huszonharmadika, 1957: settled in Paris, one of the founders, Imre Nagy Institute of Brussels.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
84
Made:
1987, 2016–2017
Length:
480 pages
Interviewer:
Gyula Kozák, Zsuzsanna Kőrösi
Keresztes, K. Sándor
1944

Architect, politician. Son of the lawyer and politician Sándor Keresztes who was one of the founders of the Democratic People's Party in 1944 and of the Christian Democratic People's Party in 1989, MP between 1994 and 1998, 1990-1994 ambassador in Vatican City of the Republic of Hungary.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
576
Made:
1994
Length:
180 pages
Interviewer:
István Javorniczky
Kertész, Dezső
1929

Physician. He was elected chairman of the Militray Committee at his corps in Hódmezővásárhely during the 1956 revolution. In 1957 he was condemned to seven year imprisonment. He worked as general practitioner later. He was founding member of the Committee for Historical Justice and of the Alliance of Free Democrats. 

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
763
Made:
2002
Length:
175 pages
Interviewer:
Adrienne Molnár
Király, György
1940

Roofer. 1956: freedom fighter in the Hungarian Revolution, 1957: sentenced to 7 years’ then to 5 years’ imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
634
Made:
1995
Length:
60 pages
Interviewer:
László Eörsi
Kiss, István
1906–1996

Lawyer, public administration expert, civil servant.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
56
Made:
1987
Length:
440 pages
Interviewer:
Veronika Torkos
Kiss, József
1930-2004

Engineer. 1956: Chairman, Workers’ Council of Borsod County, 1958: sentenced to 12 years’ imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
176
Made:
1990-1991
Length:
220 pages
Interviewer:
Adrienne Molnár
Kiss, Tamás
1934

Lawyer. 1956: Founder member of the student organization MEFESZ in Szeged. 1957: Arrested. 1959: Sentenced to 5 years’ imprisonment. 1990-94: Deputy mayor of Balassagyarmat. 1996-99: Adviser to the prime minister.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
734
Made:
2000
Length:
160 pages
Interviewer:
Adrienne Molnár
Kocsár, József
1930

Engineer. 1956: Deputy Chairman, Revolutionary Council of Szolnok County, sentenced to 6 years’ imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
373
Made:
1992
Length:
200 pages
Interviewer:
Erika Ferenczy
Kocsis, György
1953

Shoemaker. He founded and led the Jazz Club in Szombathely. He was characteristic member of the hippy gang in the 1970s.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
917
Made:
2008
Length:
67 pages
Interviewer:
Gergő Havadi
Kőhegyi, Kálmán
1947

Sociologist. One of the broader circle of supporters of the democratic opposition and staff member of the Cooperative Research Institute.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
801
Made:
2005
Length:
60 pages
Interviewer:
Ágnes Kőműves
Kolompár, Valéria
1954

and Kolompár, Erzsébet (b. 1957). Daughters of Mátyás Kolompár who was executed in 1957 for his activities in the Hungarian Revolution.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
592
Made:
1994
Length:
40 pages
Interviewer:
Adrienne Molnár
Koncz, Csaba
1938

Photographer. Has exhibited photos regularly with Gyula Lőrinczy and Zoltán Nagy since mid-1960s. Was a member of Muskátli Gallery group of avant-garde artists. Left country in 1967 and lived in France, Switzerland and West Germany, spending several years in a commune. Abandoned photography for esoteric subjects and astronomy.

Registration number:
743
Made:
2001
Length:
80 pages
Interviewer:
János Palotai
Koós, Anna
1948

Actress and writer. She joined Universitas in 1967 and worked for Kassák House Studio in 1969-76. She then joined the Apartment Theatre and emigrated with the company to Paris in 1976. She moved to New York in 1977, and repatriated in 2002.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
822
Made:
2006
Length:
120 pages
Interviewer:
István Lugossy
Kopré, József
1919-2000

Teacher, writer. 1956: worked for the newspaper Magyar Függetlenség, member of a revolutionary committee.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
493
Made:
1993
Length:
120 pages
Interviewer:
Péter Baló
Koroly, T. György
1928–2013

Worker, army officer. 1956: Commander, National Guard of Kispest (a district of Budapest), sentenced to death, then to 15 years’ imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
350
Made:
1991
Length:
380 pages
Interviewer:
Pál Gyenes
Kőrösi, Péter
1940

Engineer, transactor. His parents moved to the Soviet Union in the 1930s. They were arrested and he lived with her mother in a labour camp until 1945. They returned to Hungary in 1959. He graduated in engineering and worked for the lamp factory Egyesült Izzó (later Tungsram) for decades. 

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
930
Made:
2009-2010
Length:
97 pages
Interviewer:
Csaba Kovács
Kovács, András
1949

Sociologist. He took part in the attempts to reform the communist youth movement in the 1970s. He worked for the Kossuth Publishing House. He participated in several underground seminars of the democratic opposition. In 1977 he published a samizdat entitled "Marx in the fourth decade" after which he lost his job. He contributed to the Bibó Memorial Book, signed the Charta petition. After the political transition he became lecturer at Loránd Eötvös University  and at the Central European University. 

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
938
Made:
2009-2010
Length:
547 pages
Interviewer:
Tibor Gáti
Kovács, András Gyula
1932-2000

Taxi driver. 1956: Joined the József Dudás group. 1957: settled in Australia.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
727
Made:
1999
Length:
100 pages
Interviewer:
László Eörsi, Attila Lökkös
Krassó, György
1932-1991

Skilled labourer, economist, translator. Was freedom fighter during the revolution and participated in the political underground after November 4, 1956. In 1957 was sentenced to ten years. Was active in the democratic oppositional movement. 1985–1989: worked for Radio Free Europe and BBC in London.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
651
Made:
1985
Length:
200 pages
Interviewer:
Péter Pallai
Krokovay, Zsolt
1946

Philosopher. He taught in the philosophy department of Budapest Technical University from 1974 to 1979, when he was dismissed for his opposition attitude. He taught in Leicester, England, in 1985 and then at the University of Arizona in Tucson, United States, from 1986 to 1989.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
863
Made:
2006-2007
Length:
160 pages
Interviewer:
Balázs Apor
Kuklay, Antal
1932

Catholic priest, librarian. 1956: took part in the revolutionary movement as a university student, sentenced to 10 years’ imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
216
Made:
1989-1990
Length:
180 pages
Interviewer:
Adrienne Molnár
Kun Zsigmond
1893-2000

Clerk, economist. 1938–1939: editor of the monthly Magyar Fórum. Founder of a Folkrolistic Collection.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
31
Made:
1985
Length:
280 pages
Interviewer:
Péter Pál Tóth
Lajtai, Endre
1939

Electrician. Father, Lajos Lajtai (1911–1978) headed the workers’ council at the Agricultural Machinery Factory, Mosonmagyaróvár, was sentenced in 1958 to 6 years’ imprisonment and released in 1961.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
677
Made:
1996
Length:
80 pages
Interviewer:
Fanny Havas
Lakits, István
1932

Engineer IT manager. His family's estates were confiscated after WWII by the new Checzoslovak government. He moved to France in 1948 with his family. They settled in Nice. He graduated at École Nationale des Telecommunications having a scholarship from the Free Europe Committee. In 1956 he returned to Hungary and he joined an armed group of studenst in Sopron. He worked for Thomson since 1957. He was marketing manager at IBM, then IT director at BNP group. In 1992 he was IT consultant for the Hungarian National Bank.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
966
Made:
2014
Length:
101 pages
Interviewer:
Katalin Somlai
Landler, Erzsébet
1906-1986

Economist. Daughter of Jeno Landler, the communist politician. 1918–1928: resided in Vienna, 1928–1946: in the Soviet Union, 1949–1971: civil servant. Her husband was executed in the Soviet Union in 1937.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
17
Made:
1986
Length:
820 pages
Interviewer:
Katalin Szigeti
Lasota, Eligiusz
1929–2001

Polish journalist. 1953–1956: Editor of the newspaper Po prostu, he talks about Polish events in connection with the Hungarian Revolution.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
485
Made:
1991
Length:
60 pages
Interviewer:
János Tischler
Lassan, György
1936

Worker. 1956: commander of a fighters’ group in the Revolution, left Hungary.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
511
Made:
1993
Length:
80 pages
Interviewer:
Miklós Horváth
Lázár, Imre
1935

Könyvtáros, tanár. Az 1956-os Debreceni Szocialista Forradalmi Bizottmány sajtóreferense. 1958-ban egy év börtönbüntetésre ítélték. 1990 óta Hajdúböszörmény polgármestere.

Librarian, teacher. 1956: member of the Socialist Revolutionary Committee, Town of Debrecen, 1958: sentenced to 1 year’ imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
427
Made:
1992
Length:
60 pages
Interviewer:
Tibor Valuch
Lendvay, György
1919

Turner. 1956: chairman of a factory workers’ council, 1958: sentenced to 4 years’ imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
528
Made:
1993–1994
Length:
240 pages
Interviewer:
Zsuzsanna Kőrösi
Lengyel, Balázs
1918-2007

Writer, editor. He talks about the role of the Writers’ Union during and after the Revolution.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
483
Made:
1992
Length:
120 pages
Interviewer:
Éva Standeisky
Libik, György
1919-1995

Engineer. 1944: member of the anti-fascist resistance, 1956: member of the Revolutionary Committee of Hungarian Intellectuals, proposed the declaration of the neutrality of Hungary. 1957: settled in Sweden.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
330
Made:
1991
Length:
340 pages
Interviewer:
Éva Standeisky
Ludassy, Mária
1944

Historian of philosophy, university professor. Closely connected with the hard core of the democratic opposition, she took part in several protests, which led to her professional activity being curtailed.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
809
Made:
2005
Length:
40 pages
Interviewer:
Ágnes Kőműves
Lugossy István
1943

Cameraman. He joined the demonstration of 23 October 1956 in Budapest. In 1959 he prepared fly-sheets, was arrested, and condemned to 3 year imprisonment. In 1974 he graduated from the College of Theatre and Film Arts. He worked for the Hungarian Newsreel and Documentary Film Studio between 1975 and 1994. He is the director of several documentaries on the 1956 revolution.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
281
Made:
1991
Length:
48 pages
Interviewer:
Gábor Garai
Lukách, Krisztina
1956

Economist, teacher of Religion. Daughter of Tamás Lukách.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
581
Made:
1994
Length:
60 pages
Interviewer:
Zsuzsanna Kőrösi
Lukách, Tamás
1923-2000

Mechanic, engineer. 1956: Chairman, Workers’ Council of Ganz-Mávag Machine Works, 1957: sentenced to 8 years’ imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
399
Made:
1992
Length:
120 pages
Interviewer:
László Abod
Lukácsy, Sándor
1923-2001

Literary historian, editor, author. 1949–1951: worked in the Ministry of Culture, as a senior civil servant, 1953: active as a writer in the intellectual opposition. 1956: member of the Revolutionary Committe of Hungarian Intellectuals.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
19
Made:
1986
Length:
260 pages
Interviewer:
János M. Rainer
Magyar, Mária
1955

Agricultural worker. Daughter of János Magyar who was executed for having fighted in the Revolution.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
644
Made:
1995
Length:
40 pages
Interviewer:
Adrienne Molnár
Makovecz, Imre
1935–2011

Architect. Professor, Technical University of Budapest and Hungarian Academy of Craft and Design.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
132
Made:
1987-1988
Length:
140 pages
Interviewer:
Ilona Dér Mrs. Szabó
Marián, István
1924-2004

Army officer, translator. 1956: commander of a university students’ fighter group in the Revolution, 1958: sentenced to life imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
143
Made:
1986–1987
Length:
340 pages
Interviewer:
Hegedűs B. András, Imre Mécs
Márkus, Tibor
1956

Musician, composer, music educator. Chairman of the Hungarian Jazz Association. He played in various ensembles like Pomákáné, Nardis, Folk Stop Trio, Fúzió, Claudia Rath's band, Equinox.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
915
Made:
2008
Length:
130 pages
Interviewer:
Gergő Havadi
Márton, László
1934

Journalist. 1956: worked for the newspapers Igazság and Egyetemi Ifjúság, settled in London, later lived in Paris and worked for the bimonthly Magyar Műhely, 1994: returned to Hungary.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
654
Made:
1995
Length:
100 pages
Interviewer:
Tibor Beck
Mátéffy, Csaba
1937

Worker. 1956: freedom fighter, member of the National Guard, later took part in the post-revolutionary political underground, sentenced to 8 years’ imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
314
Made:
1991
Length:
225 pages
Interviewer:
Pál Gyenes
Mátis, Lívia
1942-2006

Librarian, editor. Publicity worker, then editor at the literary publishers Szépirodalmi Kiadó. Since 1995, she has been director of the publishing firm Kortárs Könyvkiadó.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
798
Made:
2005
Length:
40 pages
Interviewer:
Gabriella Gőbl
Matuska, Márton
1936

Journalist, writer, politician. He lives in Novi Sad (Újvidék, Serbia). He joined the Democratic Community of Hungarians in Vojvodina. He has studied the slaughter of Hungarians in Yugoslavia in 1944-1945.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
909
Made:
2008-2009
Length:
243 pages
Interviewer:
Csaba Kovács
Melocco, Miklós
1935

Sculptor. His father János Melocco was executed in 1951. He took part in the demonstration of students of 23 October 1956. He was wounded in a firefight in Kálvin square.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
952
Made:
2015
Length:
20 pages
Interviewer:
Iván Miklós Szegő
Ménes, János
1905-1993

Worker, Politician. 1945: Mayor of the Town of Debrecen, 1956: Chairman, City Council of Debrecen, then Head of Department, Ministry of the Interior.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
43
Made:
1987
Length:
460 pages
Interviewer:
András Körösényi
Mérey, Mónika
1950

Phyisician. She and her family requested political asylum in Austria in 1986 and emigrated to Australia in 1987. She is a general practitioner in Sydney.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
783
Made:
2004
Length:
40 pages
Interviewer:
Ágnes Kőműves
Mikes, (Micsinay) Tamás
1940-1999

Worker. 1956: freedom fighter in the Revolution, active in the post-revolutionary underground, 1962: sentenced to 31 years’ imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
313
Made:
1991
Length:
260 pages
Interviewer:
István Lugossy
Missura, Tibor
1915–2008

Physician. 1956: Chairman, Workers’ Council of the Péterfy Sándor Street Hospital, left Hungary.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
346
Made:
1991
Length:
260 pages
Interviewer:
Pál Gyenes
Molnár, József
1939

Miner. 1956: freedom fighter in the Revolution, sentenced to 3 years’ imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
429
Made:
1992
Length:
300 pages
Interviewer:
Pál Gyenes
Molnár, Tibor
1946

Teacher. Son of Zoltán Molnár (1920–2009) who was the secretary of the Hungarian Writers' Association in 1956.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
625
Made:
1995
Length:
100 pages
Interviewer:
Gertrúd Hoffmann
Molnár, Zoltán
1920-2009

Writer, journalist, party worker. 1956: one of the secretaries of the Writers’ Union, 1957: sentenced to 3 years’ imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
70
Made:
1987
Length:
300 pages
Interviewer:
János M. Rainer
Morawski, Jerzy
1918–2012

Polish Economist, journalist. 1956–1960: member of the Central Committee of the Polish Communist Party, 1957–1960: Secretary, Polish Communist Party.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
473
Made:
1991
Length:
20 pages
Interviewer:
János Tischler
Moss, Anna
1950

Photographer. She contracted a marriage of convenience in 1974 with a UK citizen so that she could leave Hungary legally. She has lived in Sydney, Australia, since 1975 and runs a garment business.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
785
Made:
2004
Length:
40 pages
Interviewer:
Ágnes Kőműves
Mus, Wlodzimierz
1918–1993

Polish General. 1956: Commander, State Security Corps of the Polish Army, 1964–1967: Polish Military Attaché in Budapest.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
471
Made:
1991
Length:
20 pages
Interviewer:
János Tischler
Nagy Attila
1942

Sociologist, expert of reading habits. He worked for the Széchényi National Library,  led the Department of Reading Habits since 1986. He was lecturer at the Teacher Training College of ELTE between 1978 and 1988, later of the Faculty of Arts, Loránd Eötvös University. 

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
933
Made:
2007
Length:
113 pages
Interviewer:
Gabriella Gőbl
Nagy Károly
1934–2011

Sociologist, university professor. He was elected chairman of the national committee in Erdősmecske on 29 October 1956. He left Hungary in November 1956 and settled in the USA. He taught at Middlesex County College since 1970.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
776
Made:
2003
Length:
93 pages
Interviewer:
Éva Standeisky
Nagy, Ferenc
1924

Worker, craftsman. 1954–1955: political prisoner, 1956: Chairman, National Committee of Levél Village, 1967 : settled in the USA.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
509
Made:
1992
Length:
60 pages
Interviewer:
Adrienne Molnár
Nagy, László
1924

Transylvanian, engineer. 1956: as a university student sentenced to 1 year’ imprisonment on charges related to the Hungarian Revolution.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
659
Made:
1994
Length:
100 pages
Interviewer:
Zoltán Elekes
Nagy, Mihály
1936

Chemical technician. 1956: member of the National Guard, then active in the post-revolutionary underground, sentenced to 6 years’ imprisonment.

Registration number:
495
Made:
1993
Length:
60 pages
Interviewer:
László Eörsi
Nemes, Lívia
1919-2006

Psychoanalyst, specialist writer. Having graduated in psychology, philosophy and sociology at the Loránd Eötvös University of Sciences in Budapest, she joined the staff of the Institute of Education Studies, and after her dismissal from there, became an unskilled textile worker. In 1956 she became an official in the Ministry of Education, and then in 1958 a secondary school teacher. She was sentenced to five years’ imprisonment in the Mérei Trial in 1959.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
768
Made:
2003
Length:
80 pages
Interviewer:
Julianna Lévai
Németh, Antal Károly
1921

Transactor. Took part in the Spanish Civil War and in the anti-fascist resistance. 1949–1952: political prisoner, 1956: freedom fighter in the Revolution.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
415
Made:
1992
Length:
780 pages
Interviewer:
Pál Gyenes
Németi, Irén
1919–2018

Journalist. She became active in the Social Democratic Party in 1937, and was deported to Auschwitz in June 1944. In 1945, she became a department head of the Debrecen organization of the Hungarian Communist Party, and in 1952 head of the Agitation and Propaganda Department of Kecskemét Town Party Committee. She went to work at the Budapest party centre in 1955.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
793
Made:
2004-2005
Length:
300 pages
Interviewer:
Ferenc Markovits
Novák, István
1952

Technical instructor. He worked in several engineering works as a skilled worker and later as an instructor. At present he is a machine-tool calibrator. He also worked in the 1960s as a waiter at the Csili Restaurant in the Pesterzsébet Vasas House of Culture. As a young man, he was a certified soccer player with the ESMTK team.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
875
Made:
2008
Length:
60 pages
Interviewer:
Gergő Havadi
Oláh, Mátyás
1951

After completing secondary school, he taught himself to paint and then became in the 1970s an editor of the samizdat publication Családunk (Our Family), which brought frequent harassment by the police. In 1971 his father (the physician and nature healer Dr Andor Oláh) and his family were charged with conspiracy against the state and then ordered by the court to be kept under psychological observation and given treatment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
827
Made:
2006
Length:
180 pages
Interviewer:
István Lugossy
Olofsson, Károly Placid
1916–2017

Benedictine monk and teacher. He taught in Budapest after the war but was arrested in 1946 and sentenced to ten years as a prisoner of war by a Soviet military court. He returned home at the end of 1955 and then worked at a sawmill and in the laundries of Budapest hospitals.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
755
Made:
2002
Length:
80 pages
Interviewer:
István Lugossy
Ormai, Péter
1935

Milling machine operator. He defected to Austria in 1956 and then emigrated to Australia in 1957. He lives in Sydney as a retired taxi driver.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
792
Made:
2005
Length:
40 pages
Interviewer:
Ágnes Kőműves
Ormay, Antal
1934

Psychologist. He was active in the organization of demonstrations on 23 October 1956, joined the Natioanal Guard, and worked for the daily Népszava during the revolution. He left Hungary and settled in London. He studied in Oxford and at the University College London. He was trained in psychoanalysis and worked as therapist. In 2005 he became the editor-in-chief of the International Journal of Psychotherapy. In 2000 he returned to Hungary.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
913
Made:
2008-2009
Length:
142 pages
Interviewer:
István Lugossy
Orosz, István
1921-1998

Mechanic, technician. 1939–1948: active in the Social Democratic Party.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
457
Made:
1992
Length:
140 pages
Interviewer:
Tibor Beck
Ott, József
1919

Policeman. 1956: Prevented the police from firing on a crowd in Kecskemét on October 26. 1957: Dismissed and sentenced to two-and-a-half years’ imprisonment. Released in 1959, then factory worker.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
735
Made:
2000
Length:
60 pages
Interviewer:
István Orgoványi
Pacuraru Gheorghe
1935

Veterinarian in Romania. 1956: one of the organizers of a demonstration in Timisoura (Temesvár, Romania), sentenced to 2 years’ imprisonment, then confined to Latesti.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
601
Made:
1994
Length:
100 pages
Interviewer:
Cosmeanu, Marius
Pajzs, Zsuzsanna
1931

Medical doctor. 1956: worked at the Péterfy Sándor Street Hospital during the Revolution. Eye-witness of the revolutionary events, took part in the woman’s demonstration on 4 December.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
512
Made:
1993
Length:
80 pages
Interviewer:
László Eörsi
Pákh, Tibor
1924

Lawyer. 1945–8: Soviet prisoner of war. 1956: Injured in the firing in Kossuth tér, outside Parliament, on October 25. 1957: Spoke out publicly against Soviet occupation. 1961: sentenced to 10 years’ imprisonment. Continued his opposition political activities after his release in 1971. Denied employment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
690
Made:
1997-1998
Length:
200 pages
Interviewer:
Eszter Balázs
Pálffy, István
1933

Systems analyst and consultant. Prevented from completing secondary schooling by his class background, he avoided deportation in the summer of 1951 by taking a job in Kazincbarcika as a surveyor's assistant. He later worked on railway construction in Sajószöged. Meanwhile his mother, Julianna Apponyi, was arrested at Christmas 1951, interned, and early in 1953 deported under strict supervision.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
880
Made:
2008-2009
Length:
540 pages
Interviewer:
Zsuzsanna Kőrösi
Páll, László
1939

Transylvanian, building technician. 1956: sympathized with the Hungarian Revolution, took part in an anti-state conspiracy, 1961: sentenced to 15 years’ penal servitude.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
588
Made:
1993
Length:
40 pages
Interviewer:
István Gagyi-Balla
Papp, Miklós
1932-2006

Technician. 1956: member of the Workers’ Council of Borsod County, sentenced to 4 years’ imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
317
Made:
1991
Length:
240 pages
Interviewer:
Adrienne Molnár
Pár, Gyula
1943

Chef, trainer of cooking. He worked for Hotel Royal, Hotel Annabella in Balatonfüred in the 1960s, later in the Netherlands and in the USA. After returning home he was chief cook in the Gundel restaurant. In the 1980 he visited with Hungarian official delegations several foreign countries and cooked for hunting parties of communist politicians. 

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
855
Made:
2006
Length:
73 pages
Interviewer:
Gergő Havadi
Pelcz, József
1946

Mechanical engineer, teacher. His father József Pelcz Sr. was chairman of the revolutionary committee elected at the Directorate of the Hungarian Railways in 1956. Pelcz Jr. worked in East-German cities and worked on the contruction of the nuclear bases in Griefswald and Paks. 1971-1994: work for a mechanical factory. Technological manager of R&M since 1995.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
773
Made:
2003-2004
Length:
168 pages
Interviewer:
András Lénárt
Pethő, László
1948

Competitive sportsman. He defected to Austria in 1981, from where he emigrated to Australia. He lives in Sydney and runs a riding school.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
789
Made:
2004
Length:
20 pages
Interviewer:
Ágnes Kőműves
Pethő, Tibor
1918-1996

Journalist. Worked for and edited several newspapers, 1967–1971 and 1975–1980: MP.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
189
Made:
1989
Length:
840 pages
Interviewer:
Murányi, Gábor
Petrák, György
1936

Skilled labourer. In 1956, like his elder brothers, fought in a freedom fighters´ group in Ráday street.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
667
Made:
1995
Length:
20 pages
Interviewer:
László Eörsi
Petrák, József
1931-2004

Worker, warden. In 1956, fought in a freedom fighters´ group headed by his brother in Ráday street and joined the Revolutionary Youth Association.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
665
Made:
1995
Length:
100 pages
Interviewer:
László Eörsi
Petrusz, Tibor
1924

Army officer and works economist. He entered the Ludovika Academy in 1942 and was commissioned as a lieutenant in 1944, earlier than usual because of the war. He was taken prisoner of war by the British and was allowed home in 1946. However, he was dismissed from the army, based on the "B" list. He entered the University of Economics and continued his studies in 1948 at the Péter Pázmány University. Meanwhile he worked as a barman, obtaining a catering certificate in 1948.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
859
Made:
2007
Length:
560 pages
Interviewer:
Ágota Varga
Philipp, Tibor
1953-2020

Typographer, tradesman, manager. He was active member of Inconnu, an underground group of arts. 

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
932
Made:
2009-2010
Length:
152 pages
Interviewer:
Ágnes Kőműves
Pintér, Károly Mrs.
1928

Waitress. She was arrested by the Soviet forces in September 1945 and brought forcibly to the Soviet Union where she spent eight and a half years in various labour camps. She features in Hungarian Women in the Gulag, a film directed by Sándor Sára.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
823
Made:
2005
Length:
47 pages
Interviewer:
István Lugossy
Pokol, Zoltán
1920

Railwayman. 1956: Chairman, Workers’ Council of Záhony Railway Station, 1957: interned then sentenced to 7 months’ imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
398
Made:
1992
Length:
100 pages
Interviewer:
Tibor Valuch
Prágay, Dezső
1921-2011

Chemist. 1956: one of the leaders of the Petofi Circle, organized the treatment of the wounded during the Revolution, left Hungary.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
353
Made:
1991
Length:
120 pages
Interviewer:
Róbert Bohó
Preisich, Gábor
1909-1998

Architect, town planner, university professor. 1951–1975: Head of the Planning Office of the City of Budapest.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
36
Made:
1986-1987
Length:
140 pages
Interviewer:
Ilona Dér Mrs. Szabó
Prugberger, Tamás
1937

Lawyer. he worked as an agricultural cooperative legal adviser in 1962-7. In 1974, he became an assistant lecturer in the Faculty of State and Legal Studies at Pécs University. In 1977 to 1990, he was a senior researcher at the Trade Union Research Institute. He started to teach in the Faculty of State and Legal Studies of Miskolc University in 1988 and was appointed a professor there in 1991. Since 1995, he has taught also in the law department of Lajos Kossuth University.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
835
Made:
2006
Length:
120 pages
Interviewer:
Balázs Apor
Puchert, János
1934–2019

Mechanic. 1956: as a soldier took part in a battle against the Soviet Army, 1958: sentenced to death, then life imprisonment. Freed in 1970.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
615
Made:
1994-1995
Length:
320 pages
Interviewer:
Attila Szakolczai
Pullay, Béla
1919-2005

Site manager. 1956: Chaired the workers’ council at Kecskemét Cannery and joined town revolutionary committee. Arrested in 1957, sentenced to 5 years’ imprisonment in 1958.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
701
Made:
1998
Length:
160 pages
Interviewer:
István Orgoványi
Rácz, Edit
1936

Sculpture. She graduated from the College of Arts in 1962. She was eyewitness of the revolution in her college. She made an attempt of leaving Hungary in January 1957, but she was arrested. 

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
841
Made:
2004
Length:
129 pages
Interviewer:
Katalin Litván
Rácz, György
1907-1989

Építész. A harmincas években a Modern Építészet Nemzetközi Kongresszusa (CIAM), magyar csoportjának tagja. Ipari épületek, tanintézetek tervezésével és műemlékek helyreállításával foglalkozott.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
135
Made:
1988
Length:
180 pages
Interviewer:
Ilona Dér Mrs. Szabó
Radnóti, Sándor
1946

Aesthete. He joined the publisher Magvető in 1969, moving as an editor to Gondolat in 1973. He worked as a freelance in 1980-90, becoming co-editor of the literary periodical Holmi in 1989. He became a reader in the Aesthetics Department of Budapest Loránd Eötvös University and then a full professor in 1993.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
866
Made:
2005-2007
Length:
80 pages
Interviewer:
Ágnes Hadházy
Rados, Jenő
1895-1992

Architect, architectural historian, university professor. 1945–1967: Head of Department, Technical University of Budapest.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
58
Made:
1987
Length:
80 pages
Interviewer:
Ilona Dér Mrs. Szabó
Rajna, Tibor
1940

Hairstylist. 1956: freedom fighter in the Revolution, sentenced to 12 years’ imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
324
Made:
1990
Length:
200 pages
Interviewer:
László Eörsi
Redő, Éva, Mrs. László Gáspár
1907-2000

Civil engineer, pre-1945 illegal communist, economist. Refugee in Austria and in the Soviet Union, 1946: returned to Hungary, then Director, Textile Factory of Budakalász, later civil servant and researcher.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
8
Made:
1985-1986
Length:
420 pages
Interviewer:
Éva Bakonyi
Regéczy-Nagy, Márta
1957

Specialist for handicapped children. Daughter of László Regéczy-Nagy, army officer, translator. 1956: took part in the post-revolutionary political resistance with István Bibó and Árpád Göncz, 1958: sentenced to 15 years’ imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
610
Made:
1995
Length:
80 pages
Interviewer:
Gertrúd Hoffmann
Román, József
1913–2008

Joiner, writer, librarian. 1940s: took part in the anti-fascist resistance in France.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
118
Made:
1987-1988
Length:
120 pages
Interviewer:
Hegedűs B. András
Rónai, Tamás
1937

Technical inspector. He obtained a trade certificate as a construction-industry technician in 1956 in Debrecen, while also learning the electrician's trade. He went to work for the Agrober Enterprise, where he was also secretary of the Communist Youth League for a time. He took part in the Debrecen jazz scene in the 1950s and 1960s. At the end of the 1950s he began to work as a lighting engineer at the Csokonai Theatre in Debrecen.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
918
Made:
2007-2008
Length:
120 pages
Interviewer:
Gergő Havadi
Rózsa T. Endre
1946

Art historian, journalist. He attended university courses in Wien and in Paris, he graduated from the Faculty of Arts of Loránd Eötvös University. He worked for the Hungarian Pen Club. He was editor of the Hungarian Radio since 1978. 1980-1984: editor-in-chief of the radio program Gondolatjel. 

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
821
Made:
2006
Length:
84 pages
Interviewer:
István Lugossy
Rózsás, János
1926

typist and bookkeeper. He was arrested by the Soviets after World War II for having belonged to the Levente youth movement and sentenced by a Soviet military court in 1946 to 10 years' forced labour and perpetual exile. He served his sentence in 16 labour camps, in one of which, in Kazakhstan, he was with Solzhenitsyn. He was freed under an amnesty in 1953, after Stalin's death, and returned to Hungary.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
753
Made:
2002
Length:
180 pages
Interviewer:
István Lugossy
Sára, Sándor
1933-2019

Cameraman and film director. He graduated from the Budapest College of Theatre and Cinema in 1957 as a cinematographer. He played an important part in the 1960s and 1970s in advancing Hungarian cinema, as a prominent film maker of his generation with a special eye. He made several historical documentaries in the 1980s. In 1993, he began a seven-year term as president of Duna Television.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
780
Made:
2003-2004
Length:
300 pages
Interviewer:
Ferenc Markovits
Sárkány, András
1920

Journalist, police officer. 1956: member of the Revolutionary Committee, Ministry of the Interior, dismissed.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
339
Made:
1991
Length:
140 pages
Interviewer:
Éva Standeisky, János Eörsi
Sárközi, Mátyás
1937

Journalist, writer, translator. 1956: settled in the UK, worked for the Hungarian Section of BBC and for Radio Free Europe.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
482
Made:
1993
Length:
200 pages
Interviewer:
Hegedűs B. András
Schulek, Mátyás
1935

Teacher. 1956: member of the Revolutionary Committee of Debrecen University as a university student, sentenced to 3 years’ imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
448
Made:
1992
Length:
80 pages
Interviewer:
Tibor Valuch
Sebes, Sándor
1902-1999

Bank clerk, pre-1945 illegal communist. Took part in the Spanish Civil War and in the anti-fascist resistance in France, 1945-: party functionary, civil servant. 1953–1970: Deputy Minister of Internal Trade.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
218
Made:
1989
Length:
260 pages
Interviewer:
Márton Kozák
Simon, Péter
1946

Businessman. He was arrested in 1968 on a charge of conspiracy against the state and sentenced to eight months' imprisonment in the Pór trial, for participating in left-wing organization. He was expelled from the University of Economics, where he was a third-year finance student, but a presidential pardon meant that the legal sanctions associated with his sentence were lifted in 1971. He graduated from the Budapest College of Commerce and Catering in 1973.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
884
Made:
2008
Length:
540 pages
Interviewer:
Tibor Gáti
Somlai, Ágnes
1949

retoucher. She married Gábor Somlai (qv.) in 1981 and emigrated to Australia along with her child. She lives in Sydney, working as a leatherwork trader.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
781
Made:
2004
Length:
80 pages
Interviewer:
Ágnes Kőműves
Somlai, Gábor
1947

Waiter. He defected to Italy via Bulgaria in 1970, and emigrated from there to Australia in 1971. He lives in Sydney as a leatherwork trader

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
784
Made:
2004
Length:
80 pages
Interviewer:
Ágnes Kőműves
Stanca Teodor
1933

Transylvanian, teacher. 1956: one of the leaders of the students’ movement in Temesvár, sentenced to 8 years’ imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
657
Made:
1995
Length:
100 pages
Interviewer:
Marginean, Paul
Stanka, Sándor
1927

Forester. As a member of the Levente youth movement, he was in the Bakony Brigade in 1945. He was arrested by the Soviet authorities and sentenced to serve ten years in a labour camp. He returned home in 1953.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
756
Made:
2002
Length:
40 pages
Interviewer:
István Lugossy
Stolte, István
1912-1990

Teacher. One of the leaders of the illegal communist youth movement in the 1930s, 1945–1949: double agent, 1949–1956: imprisoned, 1956: settled in West Germany.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
131
Made:
1988-1990
Length:
200 pages
Interviewer:
Csaba Nagy
Suba, Bálint
1918

Peasant. 1956: member of the Revolutionary Committee of Vámospércs Village, 1957: sentenced to 8 years’ imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
490
Made:
1993
Length:
80 pages
Interviewer:
Tibor Valuch
Sulyok, Miklós
1948

Mathematician. On the staff of the SZTAKI Computer and Automation Research Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, he was dismissed in 1980. He was an activist in the unofficial organization SZETA and a member of the democratic opposition, helping to print and distribute samizdat material. In 1991–9, he worked for publishers Aura and then became manager and co-owner of the Pont bookshop. In 1995–2000 he managed the Mérleg Restaurant. He now manages the “M” Café.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
807
Made:
2005, 2009
Length:
174 pages
Interviewer:
Ferenc Markovits, Tibor Gáti
Svéd, Ferenc
1923

Technical draughtsman, translator and writer. He was in Paris in 1945–8 and has lived in Stockholm since 1956. He graduated as an engineer in Sweden and is a member of the Swedish Writers’ Association.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
794
Made:
2005
Length:
60 pages
Interviewer:
Ágnes Kőműves
Szabó József Mrs., Klára Hajnal
1937

Clerk. She talks about János Bárány who was executed for being the leader of one of the fighter groups during the Revolution.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
488
Made:
1993
Length:
60 pages
Interviewer:
László Eörsi
Szabó, Iván
2003-2004

Engineer, economist and politician. During the '56 Revolution, he was on the Revolutionary Students Committee of Budapest Technical University and on the board of MEFESZ (the Union of Hungarian University and College Students. Arrested in January 1957, he was released again after two months on remand. He worked in various state-owned enterprises in 1957–85 and then chaired the Engineers and Construction Mechanics Small Cooperative until 1990.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
829
Made:
2003-2004
Length:
440 pages
Interviewer:
Kinga Szuly
Szabó, Lajos and Szabó, Magda
1955–2010, 1956

Son (chauffeur), and Szabó, Magda (b. 1956). daughter (tailor), of Lajos Szabó, a freedom fighter in the Hungarian Revolution who was executed in 1959.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
648
Made:
1995
Length:
100 pages
Interviewer:
Gertrúd Hoffmann
Szakács, László
1953

Rocker, drummer. He left Hungary and settled with his wife in West-Germany, then in Australia since 1981. He lived again in Hungary in 1986-1987 and 1992-1996.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
782
Made:
2004
Length:
57 pages
Interviewer:
Ágnes Kőműves
Száll, József
1921-2004

Diplomat. A member of the illegal Hungarian Communist Party from 1941 onwards, he was vice-president of the Hungarian Democratic Youth Organization (MADISZ) and a staff member of the central communist daily Szabad Nép after 1945. He was then first secretary at the Hungarian Embassy in Berne until 1949, then on the staff of the Foreign Ministry. In 1956, he was appointed Hungarian ambassador in Beijing.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
778
Made:
2003
Length:
100 pages
Interviewer:
Krisztián Ungváry
Szegvári Péter
1954

Lawyer, regional development consultant. He worked for the City Council of Budapest since 1979. 1988-90: Secretary of the City Council, 1990-92: City Clerk, 1996-98: Executive Director of the National Land Development Center, 2004-05: President of the Hungarian Regional Development Office.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
940
Made:
2009
Length:
191 pages
Interviewer:
János Molnár
Székely, Elek
1925-1999

Engineer. 56: took over the leadership of Dimávag Wagon and Machine Factory during the Revolution, 1958: sentenced to 2 years’ imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
467
Made:
1992
Length:
120 pages
Interviewer:
Adrienne Molnár
Szekeres, Péter
1942

He started working as an editor for Hungarian Television in 1966 and also made some documentary films of his own. He left the country in 1970, moving first to Italy and then to Sweden, before eventually receiving political asylum in the United States. There he failed to make contact with the film industry, but found work in the offices of the Hungarian-language American paper Népszava.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
878
Made:
2008
Length:
260 pages
Interviewer:
István Lugossy
Szentágothai, János
1912-1994

Medical doctor, anatomist, university professor. 1956: Chairman, Revolutionary Committe of Intellectuels, Town of Pécs. 1976–1985: President, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, 1985-: MP.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
10
Made:
1986
Length:
440 pages
Interviewer:
Katalin Balázs
Szentes, Tamás
1933

Economist, university professor, 1956: met the Commander of the Corvin Passage Fighter Group as the representative of Budapest University.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
508
Made:
1993
Length:
40 pages
Interviewer:
László Eörsi
Szervánszky, Attila
1945

After failing several times to get into university, Szervánszky became a labourer and later a freelance journalist, TV editor and disc jockey. He left Hungary in 1979 and took casual work in Paris before receiving political asylum in Sweden. There he was a labourer again, an oil-rig worker in Norway, and then a student of philosophy and sociology at the University of Stockholm. He later settled in Switzerland, working as a hotel porter in Lugano. He repatriated in 1991.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
868
Made:
2008
Length:
140 pages
Interviewer:
István Lugossy
Szidarovszky, Ferenc
1945

Mathematician, university professor. He has worked at the University of Arizona.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
791
Made:
2005
Length:
30 pages
Interviewer:
Ágnes Kőműves
Szigeti, Péter
1941

Teacher, jazz music expert. He was waiter at Hotel Gellért and in the Gundel restaurant, later manager in different hotels of Hungarhotels and the Pannónia Company. He organized and led a number of jazz clubs since 1969. He was among the founders of the Hungarian Jazz Association. He taught in music schools.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
916
Made:
2007-2009
Length:
97 pages
Interviewer:
Gergő Havadi
Szilágyi, Gyula
1946

Sociologist, writer, translator. He has published regularly in the weekly Élet és Irodalom (Life and Literature).

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
919
Made:
2008-2009
Length:
37 pages
Interviewer:
Gergő Havadi
Szilágyi, János György
1918–2016

Art historian. He worked for the Ancient Ages Department of the Museum of Fine Arts since 1941. He was elected chairman of the revolutionary committee of the museum in October 1956. He was dismissed and replaced to the Déri Museum of Debrecen. In 1958 he was re-assumed at the Museum of Fine Arts. He was university professor at Loránd Eötvös University. He was secretary general of the Association of Classical Studies and editor of the Bulletin du Musée Hongrois des Beaux-Arts. 

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
774
Made:
2003
Length:
122 pages
Interviewer:
György Litván, Adrienne Molnár
Szurdi, András
1944

Film director, screenwriter. He was assistant to Peter Watkins and Miklós Jancsó. He made TV shows and commercials between 1971 and 1980, 1981-90: was the director of movies. Then he was marketing consultant at CIB Bank.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
797
Made:
2005
Length:
173 pages
Interviewer:
István Lugossy
Tabódy, István
1921-2000

Catholic priest. 1950–1953: interned in the Recsk Labour Camp, 1960: sentenced to 12 years’ imprisonment because of his underground religious activities.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
333
Made:
1991
Length:
380 pages
Interviewer:
Hegedűs B. András, Zsuzsanna Kőrösi
Takács, Béla
1931

Radio technician, engineer. 1956: operated underground radio transmitters, 1957: settled in France.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
159
Made:
1988
Length:
80 pages
Interviewer:
János M. Rainer
Táky, Gyula
1936

Electrician, unskilled worker, postman. 1956: freedom fighter in the Revolution, 1957: sentenced to 10 years’ imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
630
Made:
1995
Length:
80 pages
Interviewer:
László Eörsi
Tankó, Tibor
1931-2004

Army officer, worker. 1956: one of the leaders of a freedom fighter group, sentenced to 5 years’ imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
235
Made:
1990
Length:
320 pages
Interviewer:
Gyula Nagy
Tantos, Ferenc
1916-1999

Architect. One of the planners of the Budapest subway system.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
35
Made:
1986
Length:
160 pages
Interviewer:
Ilona Dér Mrs. Szabó
Tasnádi, Frigyes
1926

Confectioner. 1944–1951: POW in the Soviet Union, 1951–1953: interned in Tiszalök Labour Camp.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
310
Made:
1991
Length:
120 pages
Interviewer:
Éva Monspart
Tátrai, János
1926

Teacher. 1956: Secretary, Revolutionary Committee of Egyek Village. 1958: sentenced to 5 months’ suspended imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
565
Made:
1994
Length:
80 pages
Interviewer:
Tibor Valuch
Tihanyi, László
1949

Engineer. He talks about his father, Árpád Tihanyi who took part in the Revolution and was executed in 1957.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
406
Made:
1991-1992
Length:
180 pages
Interviewer:
Zsuzsanna Kőrösi, Adrienne Molnár
Tomán, László
1930-2008

Poet, author and editor. He taught in 1950–51 in Bácspalánka (Bačka Palanka), in 1953-5 in Verbász (Vrbas), and in 1955–61 in Újvidék (Novi Sad), where he then worked as an editor for the publishers Forum from 1961 to 1991, when he retired. His works had been appearing since his student days in Hungarian papers in Vojvodina and abroad, and he also published in Vojvodina in Serbian. Apart from his press publications, he was the author of five books.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
861
Made:
2007
Length:
160 pages
Interviewer:
Csaba Kovács
Tomasovszky, Mária, Mrs. András Ősze
1945

Bookbinder, clerk. Daughter of András Tomasovszky, farmer and electrician, who was executed in 1958 for having taken part in the Hungarian Revolution.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
664
Made:
1995
Length:
80 pages
Interviewer:
Gertrúd Hoffmann
Tóth, Imre
1934

Journalist. 1956: Head, League of Hungarian University Students in the Town of Szeged, sentenced to 61 years’ imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
77
Made:
1987
Length:
280 pages
Interviewer:
Katalin Ferber
Tóth, István
1929

Army officer, bricklayer. 1956: joined the voluntary ambulance service, commander in Péterfy Sándor Street Hospital, 1958: sentenced to 8 years’ imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
455
Made:
1992
Length:
200 pages
Interviewer:
Pál Gyenes
Tóth, Lajos
1929-1993

Solicitor, librarian. 1956: Chairman, National Committee of Tolna County, sentenced to 8 years’ imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
296
Made:
1991
Length:
160 pages
Interviewer:
István Lugossy
Tóth, Sándor
1919

Police officer, confectioner, civil servant. He took part in the antifascist resistance in Újpest. He was officer at the State Security Department. 1957-1972: HR manager of the National Turistical Agency.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
828
Made:
2003-2004
Length:
240 pages
Interviewer:
Murányi, Gábor
Tóth, Szabolcs
1924-2010

Neurosurgeon. 1951-87: head of department at the National Institute for Neurosurgery, 1982-87: deputy director. 1987-94: university professor, head of department at the Medical University of Debrecen.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
881
Made:
2009
Length:
109 pages
Interviewer:
László B. Révész
Tunyogi Csapó, Gyula
1915–1995

Transylvanian, solicitor. 1940–1947: civil servant, in the 1970s and 1980s: General Superintendent of the Transylvanian Calvinist Diocese.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
500
Made:
1993
Length:
120 pages
Interviewer:
Gábor Vincze
Turbók, Gyula
1930

Engineer. 1956: Chairman, Workers’ Council of Dimávag Wagon and Machine Works, sentenced to 4 years’ imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
293
Made:
1991
Length:
100 pages
Interviewer:
Adrienne Molnár
Udvardy, László
1940

Engineer and surveyor. He was arrested in 1960, charged involvement in a conspiracy to overturn the order of state and sentenced in the second instance to five years' imprisonment. He was freed in 1963. Since 1992, he has chaired the committee of the Újlak Caritas Foundation.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
860
Made:
2007
Length:
320 pages
Interviewer:
István Lugossy
Ujlaki, Dénes
1945

Actor. 1962: sentenced to 3 years’ imprisonment as an alleged anti-state conspirator.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
265
Made:
1991
Length:
60 pages
Interviewer:
István Lugossy
Ungváry, Rudolf
1936

Engineer, writer. 1956: took part in the Revolution as an university student, Town of Miskolc, 1957: interned.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
120
Made:
1987-1988
Length:
440 pages
Interviewer:
Judit Vásárhelyi
Váradi, Gyula
1921-2003

Worker, army officer, pre-1945 illegal communist. 1956: Chairman, Revolutionary Military Committee, 1958: sentenced to 7 years’ imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
233
Made:
1992
Length:
300 pages
Interviewer:
Mrs. Miklós Vásárhelyi
Varga, János
1927-2008

Historian, archivist. 1955–1956: Deputy Dean, Faculty of History of Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, 1956: Chairman of the Revolutionary Student Committee, member of the Revolutionary Council of Hungarian Intellectuals, 1978–1990: General Director, National Archive, 1990–1994: MP.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
585
Made:
1994
Length:
200 pages
Interviewer:
Pál Germuska
Varga, József
1914

Economist, worker. 1956: freedom fighter in the Revolution, left Hungary.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
529
Made:
1994
Length:
60 pages
Interviewer:
László Eörsi, Mihály Horváth, Miklós Horváth
Vasziliu, Georgiosz
1931

Greek refugee who studied in Hungary. 1956: active in the Petofi Circle, 1957: active in the intellectuals’ underground, arrested, left Hungary. 1988–1993: President of Cyprus.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
425
Made:
1991
Length:
80 pages
Interviewer:
Hegedűs B. András
Vén, István
1933

Inventor. 1956: organizer as a university student of the National Guard, Town of Gödöllo, sentenced to 8 years’ imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
491
Made:
1993
Length:
260 pages
Interviewer:
László Eörsi
Veres, Sándor
1947

Psychologist, grandson of Péter Veres the writer and politician. He has been a researcher at the Hungarian Academy of Sciences' Institute of Psychology since 1974. He also teaches at the Baptist Theological Academy and the Gáspár Károli Reformed University.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
836
Made:
2005-2006
Length:
60 pages
Interviewer:
Ágnes Kőműves
Veress, György
1933

Foreign trader and jazz-record collector, later representative of the Ministry of Trade. He was a regular visitor to the night clubs of the period in 1947-8. He later served as a commercial attaché in Poland in 1972–5 and Oslo in 1983–7.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
876
Made:
2008
Length:
40 pages
Interviewer:
Gergő Havadi
Virágh, Pál
1905-1990

Architect, city planner.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
47
Made:
1986
Length:
180 pages
Interviewer:
Ilona Dér Mrs. Szabó
Vörös, Jenő
1920-2004

Journalist, poet, clerk. From 1946, worked for Győri Munkás (Győr Worker) and later Győr-Sopron Megyei Hírlap (Győr-Sopron County News). Dismissed after disciplinary proceedings in 1955, then worked in public administration. Restored to newspaper staff in October 1956. On November 2 became editor of Hazánk (Our Native Land), an independent political daily founded in his flat. Left country with his wife in January 1957, receiving asylum in Britain. Resettled in Hungary in 1990.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
749
Made:
2001
Length:
180 pages
Interviewer:
Adrienne Molnár
Wagner, Róbert
1945

Restaurateur. He worked for different restaurants, later in Hotel Savaria in Szombathely. He established Wagner Vendégudvar (Wagner Court) which among others hosted the Austrian-Hungarian summit in 2003.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
914
Made:
2008
Length:
26 pages
Interviewer:
Gergő Havadi
Werblan, Andrzej
1924

Polish politician, historian. 1956–1981: member of the Central Committee of the Polish Communist Party.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
470
Made:
1991
Length:
20 pages
Interviewer:
János Tischler
Weszely, Ernő
1953

Pianist and accordion player. He began his musical career in Szombathely, later playing in Eger, Székesfehérvár and Csákvár, by Lake Balaton, and in various bars and restaurants in Budapest and abroad. He was a member of the Budapest Ragtime Band in 1984-6. He worked as a programme editor for Hungarian Radio in the 1980s.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
874
Made:
2007-2008
Length:
60 pages
Interviewer:
Gergő Havadi
Willmann, Adam
1908–1995

Polish economist, chemist. 1955–1959: Polish Ambassador stationed in Budapest, sympathized with the Hungarian Revolution, 1959–1975: diplomat in several states.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
571
Made:
1991
Length:
20 pages
Interviewer:
János Tischler
Wilt, Pál
1950

Film director and screenplay writer. He taught at the Budapest College of Theatre and Cinema in 1968–72, in the Department of Film Direction. He played an active part in the 1970s and 1980s in the Béla Balázs Studio and the Társulás Studio, making numerous documentary films.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
787
Made:
2005
Length:
180 pages
Interviewer:
István Lugossy
Wittner, Károly
1955

Joiner. Son of Maria Wittner, dressmaker. 1956: freedom fighter, sentenced to death then to life imprisonment. Freed in 1970.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
604
Made:
1994
Length:
120 pages
Interviewer:
Gertrúd Hoffmann
Wolf, Richard
1919

East German journalist. 1957: sentenced to 3 years’ imprisonment on charges related to the Hungarian Revolution, 1960: settled in the UK.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
464
Made:
1991
Length:
20 pages
Interviewer:
Hegedűs B. András
Wolicki, Krzysztof
1925–2001

Polish journalist. 1956: correspondent in Budapest for the newspaper Trybuna Ludu.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
469
Made:
1991
Length:
60 pages
Interviewer:
János Tischler
Wróblewski, Andrzej Krzysztof
1935–2012

Polish journalist. 1956: Editor of the Polish newspaper Odnowa.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
472
Made:
1991
Length:
20 pages
Interviewer:
János Tischler
Zólomy, László
1916-1990

Army officer, translator. 23 October 1956: commander of the unit defending the Radio, then cooperated with Béla Király in the National Guard, sentenced to 10 years’ imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
194
Made:
1989
Length:
320 pages
Interviewer:
Gyula Nagy
Zsámboki, Péter
1957

Journalist. Son of Zoltán Zsámboki, translator, senior civil servant. 1956: took part in political conspiracies during and after the Revolution, 1959: sentenced to 7 years’ imprisonment.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
676
Made:
1997
Length:
40 pages
Interviewer:
Gertrúd Hoffmann
Zsótér, András
1930

He began to swim competitively in 1947, joining the pool of Hungarian swimmers for the Olympics and the Police Sports Platoon. When the latter was disbanded at the end of 1953, he was not hired by the police or allowed to pursue legal studies. He became a materials buyer and then headed an independent scarf-dying establishment. At the beginning of the 1950s, he had joined the so-called Sujánszky group.

Openness:
Public
Registration number:
865
Made:
2007
Length:
160 pages
Interviewer:
Ágota Varga